Quantum Computing: Blessing or Risk?
From research and finance to healthcare and aerospace: Quantum computing is opening up new possibilities for solving some of the most pressing issues of our time. “Some people say that quantum computing, not AI, will define our future,” said Gabi Dreo Rodosek who moderated this DLD Munich 2020 panel discussion. The in-depth conversation brought together Jan Goetz, Co-Founder of IQM Quantum Computers; digital safety expert Helmut Leopold (Austrian Institute of Technology); Lena-Sophie Müller (Initiative D21); Heike Riel (IBM); and Grazia Vittadini (Airbus).
In October 2019, Google and NASA announced that they had achieved “quantum supremacy”. What does that mean, and what are the implications? The term quantum supremacy, Riel explained, refers to the goal of demonstrating that a quantum computer can vastly outperform a classical computer – a feat “that’s very difficult to do”. The IBM researcher disputed the claim and warned the audience about the dangers of building up too much hype around quantum computing before the technology’s capabilities have been proven.
While there’s been a lot of progress in the realm in the couple of decades, Goetz agreed that we’re still in the early phases of this technology. “At the moment, there’s no market for it yet,” he said. “There needs to be more education within society so people understand what quantum means and to take away some of the fear around it.”
Dr. Heike Riel is IBM Fellow and Department Head of Science & Technology at IBM Research. She is responsible for a research agenda which aims to create scientific and technological breakthroughs in Physics of Artificial Intelligence, Quantum Computing and Technologies, Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Precision Diagnostics and Smart System Integration.
Lena-Sophie Müller has been managing director of Initiative D21 e.V. since 2014. As an expert on digital transformation, she has been a member of the AI commission of the federal German parliament as well as the Digital Council of the Federal Ministry of Defense and the Digital Council of the BDA.
Austrian Institute of Technology
Helmut Leopold heads the Digital Safety and Security Center at the AIT Austrian Institute of Technology. He is responsible for the national applied research program on cyber security, quantum technology, as well as artificial intelligence and sensor systems for physical security.
Grazia Vittadini has been Chief Technology Officer (CTO) of Airbus since 2018. She also serves as Director of the Airbus Foundation Board and as a member of the Inclusion and Diversity Steering Committee. Previously, Vittadini was Executive Vice President Head of Engineering since January 2017 and a member of the Executive Committee of Airbus Defence and Space.
Research Institute CODE
Gabi Dreo Rodosek holds the Chair for Communication Systems and Network Security at the Universität der Bundeswehr München, Germany. She is the Executive Director of the research institute CODE (Cyber Defence) and member of the IT expert panel of the German federal financial supervisory agency (BaFin).